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Blue Forests Ecosystems

Blue forests provide many valuable ecosystem services.  For example, mangrove forests provide  fish habitats, which increases food security and creates sustainable livelihoods for local communities. Mangroves also provide timber, improved water quality, protection from damaging coastal storms, shoreline stabilization, and promote cultural, recreational, and spiritual values. Seagrass beds sequester carbon and provide nursery habitat for fish. Blue forests' ecosystems sequester carbon, providing an important contribution to global climate change mitigation goals. Despite the values they provide, blue forests ecosystems are significantly threatened worldwide.

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This graphic highlights the significance of blue forests ecosystems, and how they can be measured, maintained, and restored.

Click on each icon to learn more.


What are blue forests ecosystems, and how are 
they measured, maintained, and restored?

Harnessing Blue Forests
Methodology and approach
Carbon Sequestration
Ecosystem Assessments
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What are blue forests? What is blue carbon?

Blue forests are coastal and marine ecosystems that sequester carbon and provide a multitude of ecosystem services. These services and benefits can be harnessed as nature-based solutions to  environmental challenges and support a sustainable blue economy. 

Blue carbon refers to the carbon stored in the biomass and sediments of blue forests. Click the "learn more" button below to explore the fundamentals of blue forests.

Can blue forests sequester carbon?

A critical benefit and value that communities can harness from blue forests is coastal blue carbon, which is the carbon stored in the biomass and sediments of marine ecosystems such as mangrove forests, seagrass meadows and saltwater marshes. These ecosystems can sequester and store more carbon per unit area than many terrestrial forests, thereby their conservation and restoration can play a vital role in meeting global goals towards mitigation of climate change .